The UO team of ecologist and evolutionary biologist Brendan Bohannan, microbiologist Karen Guillemin and biophysicist Raghuveer Parthasarathy won out over nearly 100 applications from 17 countries.
The research team plans to develop tools that allow bacteria to report on their activities, such as a probe that lights up once a gene that enables motion is activated or when a bacterium is experiencing stress. The research builds on existing projects that all three researchers have been working on, including three-dimensional microscopy that examines the insides of zebrafish.
“It is this combination of molecular biology, biophysics, imaging and ecology that is particularly exciting, and I firmly believe it’s only through a combination like that that we’re going to actually learn something insightful about these systems,” Parthasarathy said.
You can read the full article from ‘Around the O’ here: http://around.uoregon.edu/content/uo-research-team-one-three-kavli-microbiome-grant-recipients
University of Oregon junior Manju Bangalore has been selected as a finalist for the nationally competitive Harry S. Truman Scholarship.
Bangalore, a double major in mathematics and physics from Corvallis, hopes to become an astronaut and science policy advisor.
You can read the full article here: http://around.uoregon.edu/content/uo-junior-named-finalist-coveted-truman-scholarship?utm_source=ato03-14-17
You can read the full article here: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/01/why-fractals-are-so-soothing/514520/
“Your visual system is in some way hardwired to understand fractals,” said Taylor. “The stress-reduction is triggered by a physiological resonance that occurs when the fractal structure of the eye matches that of the fractal image being viewed.” If a scene is too complicated, like a city intersection, we can’t easily take it all in, and that in turn leads to some discomfort, even if subconsciously. It makes sense that our visual cortex would feel most at home among the most common natural features we evolved alongside. So perhaps part of our comfort in nature derives from fluent visual processing.
The PRL by Jim Schombert and 2 co-authors is discussed in the recent APS Viewpoint. Read all about it here:
Stephanie Majewski likes it when things bump into each other.
Which is a huge OVER-simplification of her work in the field of physics at the University of Oregon.
But it IS true that she learns a lot from atoms crashing into each other, especially at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland.
Dr. Majewski’s work is the topic of this month’s installment of “cUriOus: Research Meets Radio.”
We pick her brain about dark matter, supersymmetry, and more.
In Corwin’s lab, researchers created a simple large-scaled system in which the waves they generated represented molecules that would be present in a microscale material. What they did provided a scientific proof-of-concept that is detailed a paper published online ahead of print in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The research shows that the surface of water can be altered to form a two-dimensional metafluid with independent control of effective internal temperature, molecular movement and viscosity so that it takes on the quality of something else.
You can read the full article here: http://around.uoregon.edu/content/uo-lab-water-takes-consistency-wine?WT.mc_id=09-28-16
UO Physics Professor Raghuveer Parthasarathy’s Research on Bacterial Competition Featured in ‘Around the O’ Article
With help from 3-D microscopy, collaborating scientists from three labs discovered that bacterial competition in the zebrafish gut is driven by natural mechanical contractions that move contents through the intestine. Their findings are detailed in the July 26 issue of the online journal PLOS Biology. http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002517
Numerous diseases are tied to gut microbiota. The probiotics industry targets intestinal health with products built mostly around enzyme cultures and bacteria. The UO discovery could lead to better products, said Raghuveer Parthasarathy, a professor of physics.
You can read the full article here: http://around.uoregon.edu/content/zebrafish-uo-shed-light-bacterial-competition-gut?WT.mc_id=07-27-16
Albert Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves as a consequence of his famous general theory of relativity, but until LIGO they had never been observed or measured. The detection and analysis of gravitational waves gives scientists a new window on the universe, allowing them to observe events far outside the Milky Way in ways never before possible.
In both recent detections, the UO team’s role was to ensure that the signal was actually from a gravitational wave and not the result of a terrestrial event, such as lightning. The Oregon team has worked hard to understand exactly how such earthly signals can interfere with a gravitational wave signal.
The second discovery “has truly put the ‘O’ for observatory in LIGO,” said Caltech’s Albert Lazzarini, deputy director of the LIGO Laboratory.
You can read the full article here:
Congratulations to RIchard Taylor for being one of the 15 UO recipients of the 2016-17 Fund for Faculty Excellence awards!
Eric Corwin’s research on ‘Cracking the Glass Problem’ is featured in a recent ‘Around the O’ article.
Under a new initiative — “Cracking the Glass Problem” — announced by the New York City-based Simons Foundation, Professor of Physics, Eric Corwin will study the material properties of jamming, a process that is directly applicable to what happens to glass.
Corwin uses supercomputing and mathematical models to capture insights about what happens when objects moving freely jam to a standstill. He focuses on their geometric structures as materials transition in and out of a jammed state.
You can read the full article here: http://around.uoregon.edu/content/uo-scientist-team-hoping-crack-glass-mysteries