Date: Thursday, February 21, 2019
Location: 100 Willamette Hall
Speaker: Vincenzo Vitelli, Department of Physics and James Franck Institute, University of Chicago
Hooke’s law states that the deformations or strains experienced by an elastic object are proportional to the applied forces or stresses. The number of coefficients of proportionality between stress and strain, i.e. the elastic moduli, is constrained by energy conservation. In this talk, we generalize continuum elasticity to active media with non-conservative (or non-reciprocal) microscopic interactions.
This generalization, which we dub odd elasticity, reveals that two additional elastic moduli can exist in a two-dimensional isotropic solid with strain dependent activity.
Such an odd-elastic solid can be regarded as a distributed engine: work is locally extracted, or injected, during quasi-static cycles of deformation. By coarse graining illustrative microscopic models, we show how odd elasticity emerges in active metamaterials composed of springs that actuate internal torques in response to strain. Analytical predictions, corroborated by simulations, uncover phenomena ranging from activity-induced auxetic behavior and buckling to wave propagation powered by self-sustained active elastic cycles. Our work suggests a path towards designing emergent robots that simultaneously harvest energy, transmit it using odd mechanical waves and perform work at designated sites
Host: Jayson Paulose
All attendees are invited to attend a colloquium reception in the Willamette Hall, Paul Olum atrium at 3:40pm.