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May 2008 handbook

University of Oregon Physics Department

Graduate Student Handbook

May 2008

Requirements for Master’s Degrees in Physics

Students obtaining a master’s Degree in Physics must satisfy both general University requirements (underlined throughout) and departmental requirements. The Physics Department awards a “General Master’s Degree” and an “Applied Master’s Degree”. The University requirements are listed at the beginning of the University Bulletin. See the Director of Graduate Studies for the department requirements for the Applied Master’s Degree. All candidates for the General Master’s Degree must satisfy the department requirement listed under General Department Requirement. The candidate may then complete the General Master’s requirement by either, i) passing the Master’s exam, ii) submitting a written thesis, or iii) taking specific physics courses. Waivers of departmental requirements may be obtained by applying to the Director of Graduate Studies.

Those candidates who can demonstrate competence in a foreign language equivalent to that attained at the end of two years of college study may receive a M.A. degree, if they wish. All others receive a M.S. degree.

General Department Requirements:

  • Training equivalent to a bachelor’s degree in physics.
  • A total of 45 graduate credits of which at least 30 credits are earned Oregon courses. The grade point average for all graduate work at the University must be 3.0 or better.
  • At least 32 credits must be in physics, including at least one full-year sequence at the 600 level. The 32 credits in physics must be graded.
  • The remaining credits may be earned in related fields, such as mathematics, chemistry, biology, geology or other courses approved by the Director of Graduate Studies.
  • At least 3 term-length courses in mathematics are required. This requirement may be met totally or in part by previous courses taken in a mathematics department. Courses selected from the following list will satisfy the requirement provided that they include a two or three term sequence. Other courses may also satisfy the requirement, but they must be approved by the Director of Graduate Studies prior to registration.
    • MATH 511, 512: Functions of a Complex Variable I, II
    • MATH 513, 514, 5l5: Introduction to Analysis I, II, III
    • MATH 521: Differential Equations II
    • MATH 522, 523: Fourier Series and Orthogonal Functions; Fourier and Laplace Integrals
    • MATH 531, 532, 533: Introduction to Topology; Differential Geometry
    • MATH 541: Linear Algebra
    • MATH 544, 545, 546: Introduction to Abstract Algebra I, II, III
    • MATH 551, 552, 553: Introduction to Numerical Analysis I, II, III
    • MATH 561, 562, 563: Introduction to Mathematical Methods of Statistics I, II; Mathematical Methods of Regression Analysis and Analysis of Variance

Options for completion of the General Master’s Degree:

The general department requirements are required of all General Master’s candidates. The Master’s requirements can be completed by either passing the Master’s final exam, submitting a written thesis, or taking specific courses. These options are described below.

  • Master’s Examination Option: The department administers a unified graduate exam, which may be passed at either the master’s or Ph.D. level. The exam is offered twice a year, on two consecutive afternoons in Spring and Fall. It covers the four core subject areas (mechanics, electricity/magnetism/optics, modern physics/quantum mechanics, and thermal/statistical physics). In determining pass/fail at the master’s level, the problem in each area for which the student received the lowest score is dropped. Then a percentage score is calculated based on the remaining problems. The student passes the exam if the the score is equal to or greater than the passing score set by the Examination Committee. Material covered by the combined exam is primarily at the level of advanced undergraduate physics, but up to one third of the problems test core graduate level material. Some questions span more than one content area. The exam must be passed by Spring of the second year of graduate studies.
  • Master’s Thesis Option:Students who choose to submit a Master’s Thesis must complete the following:
    1. Secure a thesis advisor.
    2. Inform the Director of Graduate Studies, who will appoint an advisory committee consisting of three physics faculty members including the advisor as chairman.
    3. The candidate will meet with the committee, which will judge the proposed scope and content of the thesis. Both of these should be reasonably well-defined at the outset. The thesis should be worthy of at least 9 graduate credits and should require some original contribution by the student. Submission of the thesis to the committee members (step 5) may occur no earlier than three months after this committee meeting.
    4. Complete 9 credits of Thesis (PHYS 503) or 6 credits of Thesis and 3 credits of Research (PHYS 601).
    5. Submit the Master’s Thesis to the committee members. If the committee agrees that the thesis does not require major revisions in its scope or content, it will schedule an oral defense.
    6. Present a short oral defense of the thesis to the committee.
    7. Submit the thesis in a form acceptable to the Graduate School.
    8. Students must complete the Master’s thesis within three years of the date of admission to the graduate program.
  • Specific Physics Course Option:Students may also choose the specific physics course option. The courses that are used to satisfy the general requirement may also be used to satisfy this requirement.
    • Students must take at least 40 credits in graduate physics courses at the University of Oregon. The 40 credits in physics must be graded and passed with a C- or better.
    • Six courses must be chosen from the three groups below:
      • Group 1 : PHYS 631, 632, 633 Quantum Mechanics
      • Group 2 : PHYS 611, 612/613, 614 Theoretical Mechanics/Statistical Physics [612 (2 Credits) & 613 (2 Credits) count for one course]
      • Group 3 : PHYS 610 Mathematical Methods, PHYS 622, 623 Electromagnetic Theory

      Each of these six courses must be taken at the University of Oregon, taken for a grade and passed with a C- or better.

    • Students must take twelve credit hours of laboratory courses. Courses taken from the following list will satisfy the requirement:
      • PHYS 526 (Modern Optics Laboratory)
      • PHYS 531 (Analog Electronics)
      • PHYS 532 (Digital Electronics)
      • PHYS 590 (Advanced Physics Laboratory).

      Other laboratory courses may be approved by the Director of Graduate Studies. The approval for these laboratory courses must be made prior to the time of registration. The laboratory courses must be taken at the University of Oregon, taken for a grade, and passed with a C- or better.

    If the student chooses the specific physics course option then all courses for the Master’s degree must be completed within a three year period starting from the time the student enters the physics graduate program.

Requirements for the Ph.D. Degree in Physics

To obtain a Ph.D. in Physics, a student must meet both University requirements (underlined throughout) and Departmental requirements. The Physics Department may accept for the fulfillment of any departmental requirement work at another institution, results of a special examination, or any other appropriate evidence which substantially meets the spirit of the requirement. The most important requirements are listed below:

  1. The student must complete three years full-time work beyond the bachelor’s degree with at least one academic year (three consecutive terms of full-time study, with a minimum of 9 completed graduate credits per term) in residence on the Eugene campus after the student is classified (Y) or (D) (enrolled in Ph.D. program). The grade point average for all graduate work at the University must be 3.0 or better.
  2. The student must complete the department’s core graduate courses, PHYS 611,612 Mechanics, PHYS 613,614 Statistical Physics, PHYS 622, 623 Electromagnetic Theory, PHYS 631, 632, 633 Quantum Mechanics and PHYS 610 Mathematical Methods.. Students who can demonstrate adequate competence in one or more of these subjects based on previous study in graduate-level courses can be excused by the Director of Graduate Studies from completing the corresponding required courses here. (Students who entered graduate study in the academic year 2006/7 or earlier are excused from taking these required courses.)
  3. The student must pass the unified graduate exam (see Master’s Examination Option) at the master’s level by Spring of the second year of graduate studies, or be terminated from the program.
  4. The student must pass the unified graduate exam at the Ph.D. level by the end of the Fall Quarter of their third year in the program, or be terminated from the program. (For Ph.D. candidates all problems are included when calculating the exam score.) However, students who have not passed the written Ph.D. Qualifying Exam have ten days from when the exam results are announced in the Fall of their third year to petition the Graduate Studies Committee for an oral examination. The Graduate Studies Committee shall review the case of the student and, if the student has, in the view of the committee, been making satisfactory progress in coursework and research, shall appoint an ad hoc committee of three professors to administer an oral exam to the student within 30 days of their petition. The student’s research advisor, if any, shall not be appointed to the ad hoc committee. This oral exam shall cover any areas that appear weak in the prior written exams, other areas of physics covered in the written exams, and areas of physics that are especially relevant to the student’s research interests. The ad hoc committee shall report the results and its recommendations to the Graduate Studies Committee. Based on the results of this oral exam and the totality of the student’s record, the Graduate Studies Committee may rule, after a meeting open to the faculty, that the student has passed the Ph.D. qualifying exam. The Graduate Studies Committee will report the outcome to the faculty.
  5. Students who entered the Ph.D. program during or before academic year 2004-2005 have the option of following the deadlines specified for passing the Ph.D. Qualifying Exam set out in the 2004 Graduate Student Handbook.
  6. Within one year of passing the qualifying examination, the student must obtain a dissertation research advisor and a Departmental Advisory Committee. Immediately upon passing the examination (or earlier, if possible) the student should identify a prospective advisor and by mutual agreement register for research, PHYS 60l, with that advisor. Within 6 months it should be determined whether the apprenticeship should continue. If the initial pairing is unsuccessful, the student must arrange for another prospective advisor and repeat the trial process. After an advisor has been secured and the trial period has been completed, the advisor will notify the Director of Graduate Studies, who will then appoint a Departmental Advisory Committee for the student. (This committee is different from the Dissertation Committee, which is appointed later.) The committee will normally consist of the advisor and two faculty members in research areas related to the student’s projected research. The chair of the committee, who shall have the responsibility to call and chair meetings of the committee and report to the Director of Graduate Studies, shall normally be someone other than the research advisor and shall be a Physics Department faculty member. The committee will promptly meet with the student to plan future studies. Thereafter, the committee will meet at least annually with the student to review progress towards the degree. These meetings will normally include an oral report and a short written progress report by the student. The written report shall be delivered to the committee at least one week prior to the committee meeting. (In the event that the student is doing research outside of the state, the committee may, at its discretion, modify these procedures appropriately.) The chair of the Departmental Advisory Committee will report to the Director of Graduate studies (preferably by email) that the meeting has taken place, what the committee projects for the date of completion of the Ph.D. and, if the Comprehensive Examination has not yet taken place, for the date of the Comprehensive Examination. The Director of Graduate Studies should be notified immediately of any serious problems.
  7. The student is to round out his/her knowledge of physics by taking at least six graduate physics courses (excluding the core courses PHYS 611, 612, 613, 614, 621, 622, 623, 631, 632, 633) or other graduate science courses as approved by the Physics Graduate Studies Director. These six courses need to include at least one two-term sequence.
  8. The student must pass the Comprehensive Examination.The Comprehensive Examination must be passed before the beginning of the student’s fourth year unless the Director of Graduate Studies waives this timing requirement based on special circumstances. It will be administered by a committee formed by increasing the Advisory Committee to five members, including one regular University of Oregon faculty member from outside the Department of Physics. The chair of the Dissertation Committee normally will be the chair of the Advisory Committee. (The augmented committee will be proposed as the Dissertation Committee after the student passes the examination, and therefore its membership should conform to Graduate School guidelines.) The examination must be scheduled when all five committee members can attend. In unanticipated circumstances the examination may proceed with only four committee members present. However, these four must include the committee chair (and co-chair, if any). The student will prepare a written presentation of current problem in physics and a proposal for a research project related to that problem. At the Comprehensive Examination the student will be expected to present this material orally. The committee will question the student on the subject of the presentation and related physics issues. The examination will be closed to the public.The student is expected to understand the background and fundamental physics of the problem area and to communicate this knowledge to physicists in other fields. The student will be judged on his or her understanding of the problem, ingenuity, and ability to apply his or her knowledge in the proposed research area. If minor deficiencies emerge as a result of the oral examination, the committee may require additional work, oral examination, or written presentations. Deficiencies must be rectified within a six month period. More major deficiencies may result in disqualification from graduate study, or may require a change in research area.After passing the Comprehensive Examination, the student is advanced to candidacy by the Graduate School, which then appoints the candidate’s dissertation committee. The candidate cannot graduate any sooner then six months after the appointment of this committee, nor any later than seven years after passing the Ph.D. Qualifying Examination.
  9. The student must present a talk. The Physics Department believes that every student should be capable of giving a lucid talk about physics. Accordingly, sometime during his or her research work (and certainly before submitting a Ph.D. dissertation) the student must give at least one talk in a research seminar or a research group meeting. This talk must be advertised or posted in advance and the audience must include faculty. The talk may cover an item of interest in the research literature or the student’s own work.
  10. The student must write a dissertation. This is the most important requirement. It must embody the results of research and show evidence of originality and ability to perform independent investigation. The student must take at least 18 credits of Dissertation (PHYS 603) after advancement to candidacy in order to graduate.
  11. The student must pass the Final Examination, which is the defense of the dissertation. For important regulations concerning the time of notices, final approval of the thesis, etc., consult the University Bulletin and the Graduate School.